Como se indica en la página, the Index consists of 10 factors and 49 sub-factors, organized under the following set of four principles, or bands, which constitute the WJP definition of the rule of law:
- The government and its officials and agents are accountable under the law;
- The laws are clear, publicized, stable and fair, and protect fundamental rights, including the security of persons and property;
- The process by which the laws are enacted, administered and enforced is accessible, fair and efficient;
- Access to justice is provided by competent, independent, and ethical adjudicators, attorneys or representatives, and judicial officers who are of sufficient number, have adequate resources, and reflect the makeup of the communities they serve.
These principles are derived from a wide array of international sources, including the United Nations’ Declaration of Human Rights, that enjoy broad acceptance across countries with vastly differing social, cultural, economic, and political systems. It has also been vetted in WJP meetings on five continents.
While other indices cover certain aspects of the rule of law, such as human rights, commercial law, or corruption, they do not yield a full picture of rule of law compliance. The Rule of Law Index™ is the first to treat the rule of law comprehensively. The Index was made possible by funding from the Neukom Family Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, GE Foundation, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, and LexisNexis. A statistical sensitivity and reliability analysis of the Index data was conducted by the Econometrics Unit of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre.